Table Mountain National Park, formerly known as the Cape Peninsula National Park, is a national park in Cape Town.
It was proclaimed in 1998, for the purpose of protecting the natural environment of the Table Mountain Chain, and in particular the rare fynbos vegetation. It forms part of the UNESCO Cape Floral Region World Heritage Site.
Table Mountain, for which the park is named, and the Cape of Good Hope, the most southwestern extremity of Africa, are its two famous landmarks.
Table Mountain flora
If is part of the Cape Floristic Region and supports a high diversity of flora. Among the flora found in the park is our national flower, the Protea. Among the rare and endemic flora are the Peninsula Sandstone Fynbos and Cape Granite Fynbos, both of which are endangered.
Table Mountain fauna
Large predators used to roam in the area. Those include the Cape lion, leopard, hyena and black-backed jackal. But they mostly disappeared as they were killed by European settlers. Large herbivores, like the elephant, black rhino, kudu, eland, bontebok and mountain zebra, similarly disappeared. The eland, mountain zebra and bontebok have been re-introduced to the Cape Point section of the park.
Smaller mammals such as caracal and a variety of small antelope species, are still found in the park.
There is also a rare endemic species of amphibian that is only found on Table Mountain – the Table Mountain ghost frog.